Statistics from Volunteer Alberta has shown that, one third of registered charities and nonprofits in Alberta provides various health and social service programs and therefore bounded by the Health Information Act (HIA) of Alberta. In 2018, the Office of the Alberta Information and Privacy Commissioner (OIPC) reports also indicated a rapid surge in privacy breaches in Alberta. The Canadian Centre for Cyber Security has identified over 1,500 websites posing as Government of Canada COVID-19 pages designed to scam Canadians. It also states that, criminals have been exploiting a vulnerability in Word to spread malware and AZORult since at least 2016, including for downloading ransomware that can lock victims out of their systems. A typical example is the 2019 ransomware attack on Nunavut government.